The months of prolonged lockdown due to the health emergency have caused the forced stop of numerous sports activities including basketball, which continues to be one of the most popular in Italy and abroad. Suffice it to say that according to an American survey published in The Guardian, basketball has over the years surpassed baseball and football in popularity, being played by over 26 million people, especially the very young. The return to normality on the playing fields is however negatively marked by the difficulty in training and the risk of ligament injuries which, according to a research by the Ohio State Sports Health & Performance Institute (OSHPI) and published in Forbes, is expected to quadruple in the upcoming beginning of the NBA. Physical problems that over the years have affected several champions: from Klay Thompson, who injured his anterior ligament during the 2019 finals, to Kemba Walker, the victim of a knee injury, to Kevin Durant, who fractured his tendon last year 'Achille, to David West, who injured his anterior ligament in 2011. But what are the advice of the experts to prevent and treat this type of injury? Prevention begins at home with the choice of sports shoes suitable for the shape of the foot and continues on the field with regular stretching exercises alongside workouts aimed at strengthening the muscle groups. Finally, to reduce recovery times, it is advisable to rely on Mectronic Theal Therapy, laser therapy that adapts the treatment based on physiological parameters such as age, phototype and type of tissues.
"Returning to play basketball after months of inactivity and not always optimal training increases the risk of incurring injuries. Among the most common problems that affect professional players we find tendinopathies, especially of the patellar tendon and the achilles tendon, sprain of ankle or knee with or without ligament injuries and muscle injuries - explained Luca Turone, physiotherapist of Fortitudo Bologna - To reduce the risk of suffering these injuries, it is essential to carry out specific training for each individual person / athlete that takes into account their physical characteristics at that given moment and which, in addition to providing exercises aimed at reducing the factors that could predispose to the injury itself, provide for an increase in workloads that occur in an adequate time and in a gradual and progressive manner. In the event of these injuries occur , to promote tissue healing, in association with exercise and with a correct management of training loads, the use of Theal Therapy, laser technology that thanks to its vasodilatory effect increases blood flow, favoring the resolution process of inflammation and which can have a pain-relieving effect due to increase in the activation threshold of nerve endings ".
But what are the other most common injuries in the basketball world besides those affecting the anterior ligaments?
According to a study by the National Athletic Trainers' Association, most injuries occur in the lower limbs, both due to stress-related causes and traumatic causes: 38% of injuries concern the knees, 27% hips and legs , 35% feet. But that's not all, because 60% of injuries are in the 15-24 age group who play amateur basketball during their college period. Furthermore, in the world of basketball there can be episodes of dislocation or injuries of the rotator cuff due to physical contact with other players, and trauma to the fingers of the hands due to incorrect control of the ball. There are also injuries affecting the face, especially the eyes, chin and mouth.
Finally, here is the handbook of the experts to prevent and treat the most frequent injuries in basketball:
• 1 •
FOLLOW A CORRECT POWER SUPPLY
Prevention begins at home with maintaining a balanced and healthy lifestyle, calculating the caloric needs correctly and without exceeding.
• 2 •
PERSONALIZED AND TARGETED TRAINING
Performing a physical check-up before matches and dedicating yourself to a workout in the gym aimed at strengthening the muscle groups most at risk are the main tips for preventing injuries.
• 3 •
WEAR SUITABLE SPORTS SHOES
It is necessary to wear shoes that especially avoid slipping on the playing surface and that offer good stability also thanks to a medium ankle support.
• 4 •
HYDRATE BEFORE GOING TO THE FIELD
Regulating the hydro-salt balance through drinks loaded with mineral salts is essential to guarantee optimal athletic performance and fight pre and post-match stress.
• 5 •
PAY ATTENTION TO STRETCHING AND POSTURAL EXERCISES
Carrying out a good warm-up is important to prevent the risk of injury, but so are the stretching exercises and postures designed to maintain a certain elasticity of the muscle groups.
• 6 •
REINFORCING THE MUSCULATURE OF THE LOWER LIMBS
Muscle strengthening exercises, neuromotor control and balance between agonist and antagonist muscles are essential for improving performance and counteracting trauma to the joints and its possible relapses.
• 7 •
AVOID DAMAGES FROM FUNCTIONAL OVERLOAD
Learning to listen to your body and dose workloads during training helps prevent overload stress.
• 8 •
UNDERGO DECONTRACTING MASSAGES
Basketball puts a constant strain on the muscles: to avoid contractures, strains and tears, it is useful to periodically undergo massages that allow the relaxation of the muscle groups.
• 9 •
CHECK THE CONDITIONS OF THE PLAYING FIELD
Make sure there are no cracks, no debris and that the surface is suitable for the correct playing of the game, both indoors and outdoors.
• 10 •
VALID HELP COMES FROM LASER THERAPY
The use of the Theal Therapy laser has proved to be extremely useful in the treatment and faster recovery of acute-chronic pathologies related to the world of basketball.
(Theal Therapy garantisce un effetto antinfiammatorio e biostimolante anche in modalità automatica con ScanX)
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